If I use rel=canonical on a page that points to this page, can I find the canonicalized page in the index?
Setting a canonical target from page A to page B will remove page A from the index.
Nope, it’s not visible in the index – at least I can’t find it with these advanced operators. So I’m going to conclude that using canonical removes the page from the index.
Oh, and just in case you’re going to say Googlebot didn’t crawl the page, well here’s a request 🙂
220.127.116.11 - - [04/Feb/2013:22:31:32 -0600] "GET /canonicalized-page-testing-relcanonical/ HTTP/1.1" 200 19941 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Googlebot/2.1; +http://www.google.com/bot.html)"